Article 4 Directions (Adur)

For Kingston Buci and Old Shoreham Conservation Areas

As part of a programme of reviewing and updating conservation area character appraisals across the district, Adur District Council has prepared draft character appraisals for the Old Shoreham and Kingston Buci conservation areas.

The draft character appraisals propose introducing stricter planning controls, known as an Article 4 Direction, to preserve the unique character of properties in the area.

Adur District Council made two Article 4 Directions on 23rd November 2021. The Council is inviting residents of the Kingston Buci and Old Shoreham Conservation Areas for their views on the Directions. The responses from the consultation will be taken into account when considering whether to confirm the Directions.

Kingston Buci Conservation Area Article 4 Direction:

Old Shoreham Conservation Area Article 4 Direction:

The Article 4 Directions will be the subject of an eight-week period of formal public consultation from Thursday 25th November 2021 until Thursday 20th January 2022. Representations on these documents should be received within this period.

How to submit your comments

If you wish to make comments on the Article 4 Directions, please fill in the response form, making clear which conservation area you are referring to:

If you wish to comment on the proposed Adur Conservation Area boundary changes and draft character appraisals please see:

We are holding an online public meeting on 13th December 2021 at 6:30pm. This is an opportunity to find out more about the proposals and how you can have your say. If you would like to attend, please contact the Planning Policy team at

What is an Article 4 Direction?

Certain minor works and alterations to single dwelling houses can be carried out without planning permission from the council.

Development of this kind is called 'Permitted Development' and falls into various classes which are listed in the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015 (as amended).

If the council believes that specific planning problems exist in an area, ie alterations to houses that harm the character of a conservation area, it can make an 'Article 4 Direction' for that area, and certain types of development would no longer be exempt from the need for planning permission.

Why are Article 4 Directions needed for the Conservation Areas?

The Council is consulting on Conservation Area Character Appraisals for the Kingston Buci and Old Shoreham Conservation Areas. These documents identified the cumulative impact of alterations to buildings and loss of architectural details as being detrimental to the character and appearance of the conservation area. As a result, a recommendation was made in each Character Appraisal to prepare an Article 4 Direction to halt these harmful changes.

What are the benefits of an Article 4 Direction?

Article 4 Directions can bring benefits to people living, working or visiting the conservation area.

They include:

  • protecting the special interest of the conservation area
  • helping to ensure that new development within the conservation area preserves the area's special character
  • protecting the conservation area from unsympathetic change
  • encouraging the use of local and traditional building materials

What does an Article 4 Direction mean for residents?

Certain Permitted Development rights would be withdrawn where they relate to the street frontages, which means a planning application will be required to undertake those works.

An Article 4 Direction does not prevent the type of development to which it applies, it simply requires that planning permission be sought for the proposed development, which must be sympathetic to the special character of the conservation area.

No retrospective action can or would be taken for unsympathetic works carried out prior to the introduction of the Article 4 Directions.

What kind of development would be controlled by an Article 4 Direction?

To prevent the gradual and cumulative erosion of the special character of the conservation areas, the following works could be controlled by the Article 4 Direction:

Where fronting a highway or public right of way and which would involve:

  • Any alteration to a roof including roof coverings, rooflights and solar panels
  • Building a porch
  • Enlargement, improvement or alteration such as an extension, removal or changes to architectural features.
  • The provision of a hard surface
  • The erection, construction, improvement or alteration (including demolition) of a fence, gate, wall or other means of enclosure
  • Removing totally or partially walls, gates, fences or other means of enclosure
  • Exterior painting of previously unpainted surfaces or changes of external colour schemes, or covering walls by render or like finishes

Whether or not it fronts a highway or open space:

  • Removing or altering chimneys

What does not require planning permission if the Article 4 Direction is implemented?

Planning permission is not required to carry out repairs to a property (unless a listed building) or to replace features exactly 'like for like'. For example recovering a handmade clay tiled roof with handmade clay tiles or replacing timber sliding sash windows with matching sliding sash windows.

With the exception of removing or altering chimneys, the Article 4 Direction would not affect existing permitted development rights for works to the rear of houses, such as rear extensions.

For further information on what currently requires planning permission, please refer to the:

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Page last updated: 25 November 2021

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