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Worthing Infrastructure Planning, CIL and Planning Obligations

Worthing Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) and Developer Contributions SPD
Worthing Borough Council has introduced a Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) to allow funds to be raised from developers to pay for infrastructure that is needed as a result of development. Following two separate rounds of consultation and an Examination the Council was in a position to adopt its Charging Schedule for CIL in February 2015. Implementation of the levy commenced on 1st October 2015.  To explain the role of CIL and its relationship with S106 agreements the Council has also published a Developer Contributions SPD.  Further information, can be viewed at: Worthing CIL and Developer Contributions (below). All other information relating to the Examination, including links to the evidence base and all Core Documents, can be viewed on the Worthing CIL Examination page.

See also:

Development Management Standards

Parking Standards and Transport Contributions Methodology

WSCC Local Design Guide

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Worthing Infrastructure Delivery Plans (IDPs)

Infrastructure planning work helps to ensure that there is a common understanding between service providers, developers, communities and the Council as to what local infrastructure needs are and how and when they will be provided. Although planning for infrastructure has always been a key consideration, its importance and the need to demonstrate 'deliverability' has gained prominence in recent years.

Linked to development proposals, the infrastructure planning process will help to ensure that the population of Worthing has the appropriate access to facilities and services. To help support this aim and the progression of the Core Strategy the Council published an Infrastructure Delivery Plan (IDP). The first version of the IDP (linked below) was published in September 2010 to evaluate the existing conditions and challenges affecting Worthing's infrastructure, develop a new vision for that infrastructure and identify key infrastructure shortfalls and how they can be met.

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Worthing Planning Contributions

Planning policy requires that development should make appropriate provision of services, facilities and infrastructure to meet its own needs. This means that where sufficient capacity does not already exist to meet the need created by new occupiers or users, the development should contribute what is necessary, either on site or through a financial contribution.

Prior to the adoption of the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) (see below), developer contributions towards infrastructure provision came through Planning Obligations (S106 agreements / unilateral undertakings) attached to planning permissions. Worthing Council progressed a Draft Planning Contributions SPD in 2007 and this document, alongside others (linked below) was used to help inform development contributions.  As explained below the adoption and implementation of CIL will impact on the approach to Planning Obligations taken by the Council. 

Worthing Developer Contributions Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)

On adoption of CIL the regulations restrict the use of Planning Obligations to ensure that individual developments are not charged twice for the same infrastructure items. Although CIL will be the dominant means for securing financial contributions from development in Worthing, Planning Obligations, despite being 'scaled back', will continue to play a key role in relation to affordable housing and certain site specific requirements.

Further information on both CIL and Planning Obligations and an explanation of the relationship between them is set out within a Developer Contributions SPD (linked below). The SPD also provides greater detail on the Council's affordable housing requirements.

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Worthing Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)

Worthing Borough Council introduced a Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) to allow funds to be raised from developers to pay for infrastructure that is needed as a result of development.  CIL will now be the dominant means for securing financial contributions from development in the Borough. However, as explained above, Planning Obligations (despite being scaled back) will continue to play a key role in relation to affordable housing and certain site specific requirements. To explain how Planning Obligations will work in the future, a Developer Contributions SPD (linked above) has been published.

When setting CIL the Council sought to strike an appropriate balance between contributing to funding infrastructure and not putting development across Worthing at risk. To inform the setting of CIL a detailed Viability Assessment was undertaken and this, alongside associated documents, allowed the Council to publish a Preliminary Draft Charging Schedule (PDCS) for consultation in early 2013. The PDCS set out potential charges for CIL across the Borough (but excluding the area of Worthing that falls within the South Downs National Park).

Further testing was then undertaken in response to comments received and significant changes that had been made to CIL guidance and legislation. Informed by this work, Worthing Borough Council then published its Draft Charging Schedule for consultation between March and April 2014.

In June 2014 the Council submitted the Draft Charging Schedule and the representations made on it for independent Examination. The Hearing Session was held in September 2014.  Information relating to the Examination, links to the evidence base and all Core Documents can be viewed at:

Inspector's Report

Following the Examination the Council received the Inspector's Report (linked below). The Inspector concluded that, subject to two modifications, the Council's Schedule provided an appropriate basis for the collection of the levy in the Borough. He found that the Council had sufficient evidence to support the levy and could show that it was set at a level that would not put the overall development of the area at risk.

Adoption and Implementation

In line with the Inspector's recommendations Worthing Borough Council adopted the Charging Schedule for CIL on 17th February 2015.  The Charge was implemented on 1st October 2015. The adopted Charging Schedule and associated documents are linked below:

In calculating individual charges for the levy, CIL regulations require collecting authorities to apply an index of inflation to keep the levy responsive to market conditions. The index is the national All-In Tender Price Index of construction costs published by the Building Cost Information Service (BCIS) of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.  In line with national regulations the the local process guide (see below) the current Indexed rates being applied (for liable schemes approved in 2019) are:

  • Residential - Zone 1 £128.57m² (£100 in the adopted Charging Schedule)
  • Residential - Zone 2 £0m² (£0 in the adopted Charging Schedule)
  • Retail - £192.85m² (£150 in the adopted Charging Schedule)

To assist interested parties the Council has prepared responses to frequently asked questions set out below. In addition, a Process Guide has been published to provide developers and other interested parties with information relating to each stage of the CIL process.

If you have any questions please contact the Planning Policy team.

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